Three relevant aspects of differentiation

It is relevant to adapt your courses on three important aspects. Research i shows that these aspects do have a positive impact on leaners’ motivation, learning quality and learning output.

Readiness of pupils/students:

Is the student/pupil ready for the assignments you want to give him? Aren’t they too easy or difficult? It can help to provide assignments in different levels. Differentiation in function of readiness can lead to divergent differentiation. It is important to know which is the basic level that all the pupils have to reach.

Learning profile:

What does the pupil or student need to learn effectively? Learning needs can vary a lot. Taking into account the learning needs of your students can allow convergent differentiation: pupils take another path, but they will reach the same level at the end.

There is a long list of options you can apply in order to
· some pupils need absolute silence to concentrate
· others need some extra time, or a dictionary, a laptop with writing software for pupils with dyslexia, a calculator for pupils with counting problems, more structure, extra instruction time …


Pupils are extra motivated when they can choose. Offering options and choices in your classroom doesn’t necessarily mean that at any moment, a pupil has to be able to choose what he or she does.